Submissions & Registration now available for 

17th International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making

We study how experts make decisions under pressure

What is Naturalistic Decision Making?

Naturalistic Decision Making is a framework used to study, inform, and improve how people make decisions in demanding, real-world situations.

The Naturalistic Decision Making Framework:

NDM consists of various tools, theories, concepts, and methods for understanding complex cognitive functions.

The framework includes the following general phases:

  • Multiple players
  • Dynamic settings
  • Uncertainty
  • Organizational constraints
  • Vague goals
  • Developing mental models
  • Managing uncertainty
  • Identifying leverage points
  • Cognitive Task Analysis
  • Mental simulation and storyboarding
  • Finding common ground
  • Creating courses of action
  • Retain institutional knowledge
  • Faster, more-effective training
  • Better safety protocols
  • Improved risk management
  • Increased innovation
  • More productive collaboration

Learn more about NDM Tools and how they can be used to understand expertise:

How Organizations Can Benefit from NDM:

Successfully-implemented NDM approaches produce many competitive advantages:


Better decision-making means decreased costs and increased value proposition—especially in large-scale, high-stakes industries.


Managing risk in dangerous lines of work is crucial. NDM tools use mental models to streamline, disseminate, and scale expertise to avoid novice errors.


Methods to quickly and effectively improve employee decision-making reduces the cost of mistakes and improves operations.


Clear and effective decision-making helps improve performance speed and effectiveness, saving money, time, and other valuable resources.


NDM helps synthesize ideas across multiple teams and departments. Better collaboration leads to enhanced problem-solving and encourages innovation.


When employees feel supported by clear, effective strategies and plans of action, they become more invested in and enthusiastic about their work.

Who are NDM Practitioners?

NDM practitioners are researchers, educators, trainers, directors, entrepreneurs, and executives whose work spans numerous, high-stakes industries.


Meet some of them and learn about their work on the podcast Naturalistic Decision Making with Brian Moon and Laura Militello.

Why Become an NDMA Member?

Community & Collaboration

Connect with NDM academics and practitioners to stay up-to-date on the newest trends, findings, and advancements within the field.

Exclusive Resources

Access members-only reports, forums, directories, and articles to help deepen your understanding of NDM, extend your career, and broaden your perspective.


NDMA members have opportunities to publish guest articles and are featured in a Member Directory that is visibile to recruiters and clients.

Training & Event Discounts

Opportunities for professional development include online courses, webinars, and in-person conferences. NDMA members receive early access and reduced rates.


Participate in a mutually-beneficial mentorship program that nurtures NDM novices, propelling the growth, impact, and legacy of NDM pioneers and their work.

Talent Recruitment

Gain access to a detailed profile directory of NDM researchers and practitioners who are available for consultation or hire.

Who can benefit from NDMA membership?




An Easy decision:

Become an NDMA member.

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